Scoliosis Treatment Questions and Answers
Are you looking for the treatment of scoliosis? Contact Back Pain & Joint Center in Conroe, TX, where our professionals are specialized in treating scoliosis. For more information call us or schedule an appointment online.
The spine is a collection of 33 vertebrae, 24 of which are separated by intervertebral disks and nine that are fused together. There is a reason why the term ‘backbone’ is synonymous with ‘foundation’ and ‘strength,’ because the spine is a versatile and strong structure that provides an unmatched level of support. Unfortunately, the vertebrae can become misaligned, and when this occurs laterally (to the side), it is known as scoliosis.
What is scoliosis?
Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine in a lateral direction. While the spine has three natural curves—one in the cervical spine (neck), one in the thoracic spine (upper/middle back), and one in the lumbar spine (lower back)—that have an S-shape when viewed from the side, a lateral curve is often the result of an injury, poor posture or a degenerative condition. The three natural curves of the spine provide an even distribution of weight and flexibility of movement, but in cases of scoliosis, the spine is more susceptible for injury and pain.
What is the main cause of scoliosis?
The main cause of the most common type of scoliosis is not well-understood by doctors. However, it appears to involve hereditary factors, as the disorder is sometimes passed down genetically. Causes for less common types of scoliosis may include:
- Certain neuromuscular conditions, such as:
- cerebral palsy
- muscular dystrophy
- Birth defects affecting the development of spine
- Previous surgery on the chest wall
- Injuries to or infections of the spine
- Spinal cord abnormalities
Risk factors for developing scoliosis include:
- Age — Signs and symptoms usually start in adolescence
- Gender — Although both males and females develop mild scoliosis at about the same rate, females have a much higher risk of the curve becoming worse, which requires treatment
- Family history — Scoliosis can be passed down genetically, but most children with scoliosis do not have a family history of the disease
What happens if scoliosis is left untreated?
If scoliosis is left untreated, it can result in the worsening of symptoms, including:
- Uneven shoulders
- One shoulder blade that appears more prominent
- Uneven waist
- One hip higher than the other
- One side of rib cage jutting forward
- A prominence on one side of the back when bending forward
After time, these symptoms can lead to a great deal of discomfort and also cause pain and reduced mobility.
How is scoliosis treated?
In scoliosis that arises spontaneously or for which the cause is unknown, the curves do not straighten out on their own. Slight curves seen in children often do not need treatment; they can lead normal, healthy lives, but their small curves do not go away. For larger curves and/or if the patient is still growing, periodic examination and standing x-rays are essential to monitor the progression of the condition. If there are increases in spinal abnormalities, an evaluation by a medical professional who specializes in treating scoliosis is required to determine if active treatment is needed.
If a mild curve is found on an x-ray but no symptoms are present, it is likely that no treatment is required. For moderate and painful cases of scoliosis, physical therapy is often prescribed to reduce symptoms and improve the flexibility and strength of the spine. Bracing is another possible treatment option for scoliosis, depending on the nature and severity or progression of the curve.
At Back Pain & Joint Center of Texas, our kind and caring professionals are experienced at diagnosing and treating scoliosis. If you are experiencing symptoms related to scoliosis, visit us today for an evaluation. Call us today to book an appointment for scoliosis treatment, or visit our clinic conveniently located at 2510 South Loop 336 West, Suite 245, Conroe, TX 77304. We serve patients from Conroe TX, Montgomery TX, Panorama Village TX, Willis TX, The Woodlands TX, and Cleveland TX. We look forward to serving you!
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